Damage to certain parts in the body can occur in a matter of hours, even minutes. The materials are usually consumed daily through food and drink will lead to damage, of course, if consumed in excess.
How quickly the damage occurs, the following comparison as quoted from Dailymail, Tuesday (15/03/2011).
Rooms: 3 seconds
To reach the lungs, cigarette smoke only takes about 3 seconds and directly stimulate the heart to work harder in pumping blood. Increased pressure due to excessive cardiac work can trigger heart attacks and strokes for those who have a risk.
Sugar: 2 minutes
Even before you swallow, the sugar has lead to damage to the tooth enamel due in 2 minutes can trigger the growth of bad bacteria in the oral cavity. Once ingested, 20 teaspoons of sugar can reduce the ability of white blood cells to eradicate the bad bacteria that cause disease only within 2-5 hours afterwards.
Alcohol: 6 minutes
Within 6 minutes, 1 liter of beer or 3 glasses of wine alcohol can cause brain damage are reversible, although not permanent alias. If you continue to get drunk and done too often, then the damage will be permanent.
Salt: 30 minutes
Salty foods can lead to hardening of the arteries, veins alias in just 30 minutes after being swallowed. Another impact of the excess salt is absorbed into the blood vessel so that fluid pressure rises and increases the risk of stroke and heart attack.
Caffeine: 30 minutes
Half an hour after drinking coffee, pressure and blood flow to the muscles will increase so that it becomes more stamina because of the release of adrenal hormones. In contrast, blood flow to organs other than muscle would be reduced, thereby reducing its performance.
Bad fats: 45 minutes
Saturated fat content in cheese, biscuits and other foods can increase the risk of blood clotting in less than 1 hour. The impact of course is a blockage of blood vessels that can trigger heart attacks. The good news, unsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids in nuts and fish oil can neutralize the effects of saturated fa.